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The ACT or the Australian Capital Territory is a federal territory of the continent. Also known as the Federal Capital Territory or (FCT), it includes Canberra, the capital city of Australia, and a few other townships, like Naas, Williamsdale, Tharwa, Uriarra, and Hall.
It was founded after the Federation, and all the essential Australian Government institutions are headquartered in the ACT.
The territory is situated in the southeastern region of the continent. It's like an enclave within New South Wales.
With a population of 431,215 inhabitants, the ACT is the third-smallest territory in Australia. The region experiences a relatively dry climate with warm summers and cool winters.
The land has been inhabited by the indigenous Australian Aboriginal inhabitants for a long time, dating back around 25,000 years. During the initial 20 years of European colonisation, there was limited contact between the Aboriginal people and the English settlers.
The ACT is home to two large public hospitals, namely Canberra Hospital and Calvary Public Hospital. Besides, there are ten aged care centres in Canberra.
The Australian Capital Territory is served by the automobile system, the dominant transportation mode in Canberra. Further, there are a few bus and taxi services as well. The interstate NSW TrainLink is a significant railway service connecting the cities of Canberra and Sydney.
The Canberra Airport offers domestic services to Melbourne, Sydney, Brisbane, Gold Coast, Adelaide, and Perth.
Australian War Memorial
This site is a fine blend of an incredible art gallery, a museum, a library, and archives. There are haunting stories and lists inscribed in bronze about the Australians martyred in war since 1885.
Lake Burley Griffin
It is an artificial lake and is a significant tourist attraction in Canberra. Tourists and locals love to visit this spectacular lake for an evening stroll or biking. Lake Burley Griffin has six islands lying at its centre, among which Aspen Island is the largest of all.
Australian National Botanic Gardens
These 50-hectare botanical gardens are home to all the notable Australian flora species. Other highlights of the area include the Rain Forest Gully, the Red Centre garden, and the Children's Discovery Walk.